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Global Conditions

Osteoarthritis

 

 

What is it?

 

It can be said that Osteoarthiritis is a 'wear and tear' disorder. Gradually, the smooth articular cartilage becomes thinner and roughened. This causes the bone to respond by thickening and growing outwards, with the joint capsule becoming inflamed. An abnormal foot posture and biomechanics can influence the rate of progression of Osteoarthiritis. 

 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

- The most commonly affected joint are the base of the big toe, knees, hips, lower back, hands, and neck.

- Joints tend to become progressively stiffer and swollen.

- Limited motion within the affected joints and difficulty with activities. 

 

 

How can Orthotics help?

 

Though the degenerative changes cannot be reversed, the severity of symptoms can be reduced. 

 

- Insoles (Functional Foot Orthotics) to reduce overpronation and reduce symptoms such as ankle/foot pain, knee pain and lower back pain. 

- Compressive ankle supports.

- Ankle Foot Orthosis (AFO) to reduce movement in the ankle joint to reduce pain symptoms.

- Lumbar Sacral Orthosis (LSO) or Thoraco-Lumbar Sacral Orthosis (TLSO) if severe back pain and symptoms are present, to reduce movement.

 

 

 

Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

 

What is it?

 

Rheumatoid Arthiritis is a chronic, auto-immune disorder. It causes swelling and damage to the cartilage and bone around joints to varying degrees. Over time if untreated, this commonly leads to deformities around the affected joints. The most effective known treatment is medication and correct diet.

 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

- The most commonly affected joints are the ankle, knee, hip, lower back, hands, elbows, shoulders, and neck. However, it is rare multiple joints are systematically affected.

- Joints can become painful, particularly if swollen, becoming more stiff particularly after resting or in the morning.

 

 

How can Orthotics help?

 

Though the effects of RA cannot be reversed, the severity of symptoms can be reduced and joint deformity limited.

 

- Bespoke footwear and stock footwear.

- Ankle supports and ankle bracing.

- Insoles (Total Contact Insoles) to reduce and redistribute foot pressures more evenly. 

- Finger and wrist supports.

 

 

 

Cerebrovascular Accident (Stroke)

 

 

What is it?

 

Strokes are either caused by ischaemia (lack of blood flow), due to a thrombosis (blockage), or hemorrhage (bleed) in the brain. 

 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

- Symptoms typically present as a weakness down one side of the body which can affect the arm and leg.

- Weakness down one side of the face which can cause difficulty with speech.

- Possible muscle spasm or clonus.

- Muscle cramps and pain. 

 

 

How can Orthotics help?

 

- Ankle Foot Orthosis (AFO) to control lower limb biomechanics and loss of muscle function to facilitate walking. 

- Night Splint to maintain joint range. 

- Wrist Splint to maintain joint range and good positioning.

 

 

 

 

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Polio

 

 

What is it?

 

Polio is caused by an infectious virus which attacks the motor neurones (nerve cells which control muscle movement) causing damage or destruction of these cells. This can lead to muscle paralysis.

 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

- Those who have paralytic Polio, symptoms generally include muscle pains, cramps, weaknesses and paralysis of particular muscle groups.

 

 

How can Orthotics help?

 

- Ankle Foot Orthosis (AFO) to control lower limb biomechanics and loss of muscle function to facilitate walking. 

- Night Splint to maintain joint range. 

 

 

 

 

Multiple Sclerosis

 

 

What is it?

 

MS is a disease of the nervous system. It is an auto-immune disease where the bodys immune system sees the bodys own cells as foreign and attacks them. The nerve tissue, myelin, is partially or fully destroyed resulting in the disruption of messages from the brain to the intended muscle. 

 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

- MS has a variety of symptoms but most people will develop only some. Symptoms include, balance issues, fatigue/tiredness, pain, numbness, pins and needles, and muscle spasm.

 

 

How can Orthotics help?

 

- Ankle Foot Orthosis (AFO) to control lower limb biomechanics and loss of muscle function to facilitate walking. 

- Night Splint to maintain joint range. 

Spina Bifida

 

 

What is it?

 

In Latin, Spina Bifida translates to 'split spine'. It is caused by an incomplete closure of the developing spine during early pregnancy. Spina Bifida can result in no symptoms or apparent functional loss to at its most severe form, paralysis.

 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

- Symptoms are completely variable on a case to case basis but may result in, loss of function (paralysis), sensory loss, muscle wastage, lower limb deformity, and pain to name some.

 

 

How can Orthotics help?

 

Depending upon the level of severity:

 

- Bespoke footwear

- Ankle Foot Orthosis (AFO)

- Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis (KAFO)

- Hip Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis (HKAFO)

 

 

 

Diabetes Mellitus (DM)

 

 

What is it?

 

DM is caused by the body being unable to metabolise glucose either because the cells which produce insulin have been destroyed (Type I), or the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin or it doesn't work correctly (Type II).

 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

- As the disease progresses there can be damage to the nerves in the hands and feet leading to neuropathy (loss of sensation) and damage to the blood supply (ischaemia). A combination of such can leave people with DM prone to tissue breakdown and foot ulcers.

 

 

How can Orthotics help?

 

- Bespoke footwear

- Insoles (Total Contact Insoles) to reduce the foot pressures and redistribute them more evenly and away from prone structures and tissues. 

Allmed Healthcare Limited is a registered company within the Republic of Ireland.

Registration number - 464122

VAT registration number - IE 9646241F

Registered address - The Laurels, Cahermaculick, Shrule, County Mayo, Republic of Ireland. 

Allmed Healthcare Limited © 2008. All rights reserved.  

Contact Us

Company Details

Our custom-made products are registered with the Health Products Regulatory Authority in the Republic of Ireland.

 

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The Laurels, Cahermaculick, Shrule

Tel: 093 33 825

Fax: 093 33 876

E-mail: info@allmedhealthcare.ie

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