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Trunk and Spine Conditions

Lower Back Pain

 

 

What is it?

 

If back pain has been present for longer than 3 months it is described as chronic or 'lumbago'. This is a very common condition and can have several causes. These include injury to the ligaments, muscles, vertebral discs, or vertebrae. It may also include degenerative conditions such as arthritis. 

 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

- Pain below the ribs and above the buttocks is the main symptom. It can be acute (sharp and severe) or progress slowly and is generally worse when bending/turning. 

 

 

How can Orthotics help?

 

- A Lumbar Sacral Orthosis (LSO) or Fabric Spinal Support (corset) are commonly used in the treatment of Chronic Back Pain. By providing a degree of circumferential compression and rigidity they can partially reduce the vertical forces and help the spinal structures to relax and heal.

 

 

 

 

Spinal Fracture

 

 

What is it?

 

Spinal fractures are usually caused by trauma such as car accidents or falls. They are most commonly seen at the mid-lower back region. 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

- Moderate to severe back pain is the main symptom, normally aggravated by movement. If the spinal cord has been affected, there may be muscle weakness and bowel problems also. Due to the traumatic nature, other injuries are commonly seen also, masking these types of fractures.

 

 

How can Orthotics help?

 

- The use of a Rigid Spinal Orthosis is normally recommended to protect the spine and immobilise it in the correct position until the bones heal, which can take between 6 to 12 weeks. A Thoraco Lumbar Sacral Orthosis (TLSO) is normally prescribed.

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Osteoporosis

 

 

What is it?

 

Bone is continually made and removed, it is a natural process in everyone. However, when more bone is removed than normal, bone density reduces and leads to the condition Osteoporosis. It is more common in women, linked to hormonal changes.

 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

- The disease itself is not painful but associated problems with time are. Restriction of movement, development of a 'stooped posture', and fractures can occur. 

 

 

How can Orthotics help?

 

Shock absorbing insoles or Functional Foot Orthotics to control excess pronation which may be increasing back pain.

- Lumbar Sacral Orthosis (LSO) or Thoraco Lumbar Sacral Orthosis (TLSO) for circumferential compression and to provide a postural prompt or raised shoe adaptation where a leg length discrepancy may be exacerbating the back pain.

 

 

 

 

Scoliosis

 

 

What is it?

 

Scoliosis is a term used to describe a lateral (sideways) bend of the spine and can be caused by several factors. It can be classified as congenital, idiopathic (unknown cause) or neuromuscular (such as cerebral palsy). 

 

 

What are the symptoms?

 

- A rib prominence, uneven shoulders, uneven hips, amd a leg length discrepancy are the main signs of scoliosis. Some muscular differences may also be seen. 

- As the deformity progresses patients may experience varying levels of pain and at its most severe, breathing difficulties can be present.

 

 

How can Orthotics help?

 

- A Thoraco Lumbar Sacral Orthosis (TLSO), such as a Boston brace, is used to prevent or reduce the progression of the deformity.

- Where the Scoliosis is purely postural the use of a shoe raise adaptation to address an associated leg length discrepancy can be useful.

Allmed Healthcare Limited is a registered company within the Republic of Ireland.

Registration number - 464122

VAT registration number - IE 9646241F

Registered address - The Laurels, Cahermaculick, Shrule, County Mayo, Republic of Ireland. 

Allmed Healthcare Limited © 2008. All rights reserved.  

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Our custom-made products are registered with the Health Products Regulatory Authority in the Republic of Ireland.

 

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Tel: 093 33 825

Fax: 093 33 876

E-mail: info@allmedhealthcare.ie

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